Research > Research Inventory > Biomechanics: Trunk

Environmental design shapes perceptual-motor exploration, learning, and transfer in climbing

AUTHORS: Ludovic Seifert,1,* Jérémie Boulanger,1,2 Dominic Orth,1,3 and Keith Davids4  |  Year: 2015
SUMMARY/RESULTS: 20 handhold standardized routes were used for 9 male participants whereby the changed variable was the hold orientation (horizontal orientation, vertical, and mixed). Hip and trunk movement is exhibited more on vertical and mixed hold routes than on horizontal hold routes. Additionally, more practice on these types of routes contributes to “exploratory” (defined as more trunk and hip movement) movement. Additionally, more time is spent route finding on these types of climbs, assuming a sub-maximal grade for the route. Double-edged holds may offer a safe environment for hold exploration.
REFERENCE: Front Psychol. 2015; 6: 1819.

Effects of climbing-wall inclination on trunk muscle activation during various static climbing positions: implications for therapeutic climbing

AUTHORS: L. Donath, C. Grzybowski, H. Wagner  |  Year: 2014
SUMMARY/RESULTS: Researchers measured the activation of the trunk muscles on 13 non-climbers in various climbing positions using different handholds and wall angles. Training on an inclined wall will at over 12 degrees will help activate the trunk musculature, but lifting a hand seems to be further required to increase activation of the oblique muscles.
REFERENCE: 2nd International Rock Climbing Research Congress, Sep 2014.

Postural adaptations in female elite rock climbers: the “climber‘s back”

AUTHORS: L. Rolland, L. Allet, C.Linhart, J-L. Ziltener  |  Year: 2014
SUMMARY/RESULTS: Researchers measured the extent of mobility in climbers by measuring the shape of the back, and the lengths of muscles in the chest, legs and pelvis, in 39 women grouped into elite climber and non-climber categories. Climbers did not appear to have a curvature of the back typical of male climbers, but may have less mobility (compared to non-climbers) in the back, in addition to shorter muscle lengths in the pelvis and hamstrings.
REFERENCE: 2nd International Rock Climbing Research Congress, Sep 2014.